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The first QVAL Syntax


QVAL is a simple form of the IF-ELSE structure. It is used to test if an argument is true or false in a single line of code.

For example, this:

   SYSMESSAGE A+1 is smaller than B
   SYSMESSAGE A+1 is greater than or equal to B

...is the same as:

<QVAL <EVAL <LOCAL.A>+1> < <LOCAL.B> ? SYSMESSAGE A+1 is smaller than B:SYSMESSAGE A+1 is greater than or equal to B>

In the above statement, if we say that local.a=3 and local.b=5, then local.a+1=4

Since 4 is less that 5, the condition is true, and so the first output (before the : sign) in the true:false condition will be executed

If local.a=5 and local.b=5, then local.a+1=6

Since 6 is not less than 5, the condition will return as false and the second output (after the : sign) in the true:false result will be executed.

Your "if condition" is separated from the results by the ? character. The true and false results are separated by the : character (which is mandatory, even if you dont want anything to happen in one of the cases.)

Be careful if the true:false conditions also require you to use "greater than" It is easy to inadvertently close an argument too soon with a misplaced > after the ? or : in a QVAL argument. You should use always Less than ( < ) or Less or Equal ( <= )

The second QVAL Syntax


This form of the QVAL statement is useful when comparing two values.

For example:

<eval qval(<VAR.X>,<VAR.Y>,<VAR.ONE>,<VAR.TWO>,<VAR.THREE>)>

...will return <VAR.ONE> if X is less than Y, <VAR.TWO> if they are equal, and <VAR.THREE> if X greater than Y. If some of the arguments are omited like qval(1,2,,3) it will default to zero.